How harmful is hypothyroidism to the human body
Beijing Chongwenmen Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine has many years of experience in the treatment of thyroid diseases and found that most of the patients with hypothyroidism who came to see the doctor did not have a clear understanding of their own diseases.
Hypothyroidism is a group of systemic hypometabolic syndromes caused by various causes of thyroxine synthesis, decreased secretion or tissue utilization disorders. It can occur at all ages, most of which are women, and the ratio of male to female is 1:5~1:10. Primary hypothyroidism is hypothyroidism caused by the pathological changes of the thyroid itself, accounting for more than 95% of all hypothyroidism, and secondary hypothyroidism mainly refers to hypothyroidism caused by the pathology of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.
Dr. Zhao Hukang from Beijing Chongwenmen Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine believes that hypothyroidism has the following harms
1. Affect growth and development
Thyroid hormone has a promoting effect on growth hormone. The deficiency of thyroid hormone will affect the growth-promoting effect of growth hormone. When children suffer from hypothyroidism, they often have a series of conditions such as mental retardation and short stature.
2. Affect the reproductive system
After some people have hypothyroidism, because they have not undergone the correct treatment, men may experience poor sexual function, delayed sexual maturity, delayed side effects, decreased libido, and testicular atrophy. Women may have irregular menstruation, excessive menstrual bleeding or amenorrhea, and are generally infertile.
3. Affect the cardiovascular system
When the thyroid hormone is low, the physical examination reveals that the patient has a slow and weak heartbeat, low and blunt heart sounds, enlarged heart, bradycardia, lower extremity swelling, increased blood pressure, and decreased pulse pressure. Myocardial pseudohypertrophy, low-voltage electrocardiogram, sinus bradycardia. About 30% of patients have pericardial effusion, and severe cases will also have pleural or abdominal effusion.
4. Affect the digestive system: slow gastrointestinal peristalsis, prolonged emptying time, decreased gastric acid secretion, and positive serum anti-parietal cell antibodies. The patient showed loss of appetite, abdominal distension, nausea, low stomach acid, and difficulty defecation.
Therefore, Zhao Hukang of Beijing Chongwenmen Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine advises everyone to have a correct understanding of the disease, and don’t take a fluke to feed the tiger.